Quinquennial Inspections - A Chartered Surveyor’s Guide for Churches

In this guide to quinquennial inspections for churches, we look more closely at the chartered surveyor’s role in the quinquennial survey process and the steps you need to follow when it comes to appointing a chartered surveyor to conduct this highly-specialised building inspection

Under the Inspection of Churches Measure 1955, a church must undergo what is known as a quinquennial inspection, every five years, in order to assess the building’s integrity and identify any defects requiring repair.

In this guide to quinquennial inspections for churches, we look more closely at the chartered surveyor’s role in the quinquennial survey process and the steps you need to follow when it comes to appointing a chartered surveyor to conduct this highly-specialised building inspection.

What is a quinquennial inspection?

A quinquennial inspection or quinquennial survey is a type of building inspection that’s unique to churches or religious buildings. The inspection involves a qualified chartered surveyor visiting the church in person to conduct a visual inspection of the building’s current state of repair.

It’s a process that must take place every five years, according to the terms of the Inspections of Churches Measure 1955, and it requires the appointment of a qualified buildings surveyor who has been approved to undertake the inspection by the Diocesan Advisory Committee (DAC). 

Why do churches undergo a quinquennial inspection?

Churches are among the oldest buildings in Britain and their preservation is entrusted to the Parochial Church Council (PCC) who have a legal responsibility to care for and maintain the building. Five-yearly quinquennial inspections are a key part of fulfilling this responsibility.

Following a quinquennial survey, the chartered surveyor issues an inspection report, detailing its findings. This report offers a full picture of the building’s health, in particular flagging any areas of concern or in urgent need of repair, and advising on the next steps to remedy the issue.

It’s for this reason, quinquennial inspections play a vital role in the continued preservation of Britain’s churches. Without the professional insight they provide, many churches could be at danger of falling into disrepair or sustaining irrevocable damage.

What are the rules for appointing a surveyor to conduct a quinquennial inspection?

Only surveyors approved by the DAC are permitted to undertake quinquennial inspections. This reflects the fact that a church is a unique historical building and depreciates very differently to contemporary structures.

In addition, many current-day building practices simply aren’t suitable for historical buildings. As such it requires specialist knowledge of historical construction processes and materials to have the necessary expertise to perform a quinquennial inspection.

While the responsibility of finding a suitable chartered surveyor falls to the PPC, ultimately final approval is at the discretion of the DAC, who holds a pre-approved list of chartered surveyors.

If you wish to appoint a surveyor who isn’t on this list to conduct your quinquennial survey, he or she will need to submit details of their relevant qualifications and experience for the DAC to determine their suitability for the role.

What qualifies a chartered surveyor to conduct a quinquennial survey?

When it comes to determining the suitability of a chartered surveyor to conduct a quinquennial survey, the PPC, supported by the DAC, will make this assessment and appoint a candidate. In doing so, the Church Buildings Council (CBC) recommends that at least three potential inspectors are invited to interview for the tender.  

When weighing up candidates it’s vital to take into consideration not only a surveyor’s experience but also their training and accreditations. Being able to demonstrate a track record of carrying out quinquennial inspections may appear to put a candidate at a natural advantage, but it’s important to look at the finer details too.

If your church is Grade I or II listed, for instance, you really need to engage a chartered surveyor who has experience in surveying listed buildings, ideally listed churches in the same era as yours. A thorough and up-to-date knowledge of approved conservation practices is also desired in surveyors conducting quinquennial inspections.

There are some 16,000 churches in England, the oldest of which (St Martin’s in Canterbury) was built circa 590 AD. Most English parish churches were constructed across a period of 1500 years, while cathedrals in England can be dated back around 400 years. As such they need to be sympathetically restored, using materials and techniques that are in keeping with their origin.

RICS (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors) accreditation should also be sought in anyone conducting a quinquennial inspection, for the peace of mind that your surveyor is professionally qualified according to the highest industry standards.

Need a RICS chartered surveyor to inspect your building?

Our team has a wealth of experience in commercial and residential property inspections as well as areas such as project management and dilapidations. To engage our services for a project in London or the South of England, contact us at enquiries@sillencehurn.co.uk


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